ISI is the premier intelligence agency of Pakistan responsible for providing critical national security and intelligence assessment to the Government of Pakistan, especially in relation to threats from hostile foreign countries and terrorist organizations.
The Inter-Services Intelligence or ISI was formed in 1948 right after the creation of Pakistan. It is a combination of the intelligence agencies that were formed during the British Raj, but it is now one of the largest intelligence agencies worldwide with an annual budget of more than 3 billion dollars.
ISI full form is Inter-Services Intelligence. ISI is currently headed by Lieutenant-General Naveed Mukhtar, a qualified infantry officer with a degree in War Studies from National Defence University, Islamabad. “Naveed Mukhtar assumed charge as the director-general of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), on December 29, 2016.”
Pakistan Intelligence Bureau
The Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence, commonly known as ISI, is the premier intelligence agency of Pakistan. ISI was founded in 1948 soon after the Independence of Pakistan as the intelligence agency of the Pakistan Army, under Major-General Robert Cawthon.
ISI is active in neighboring Afghanistan where its chief is headquartered. ISI provides vital information to Inter-Services regarding the Indian Army’s movements on the border shared with Afghanistan and any other threat to the security of Pakistan from hostile foreign states or terrorists.
ISIL conducts asymmetric warfare by using conventional tactics including guerrilla warfare and terror attacks against soft targets.
ISIL mainly operates in Syria & Iraq but can launch terrorist attacks globally with transnational networks. The ISI believes that ISIL has entered into Kashmir Valley of India through POK causing regional instability. ISI believes that there are around 300 ISIL fighters present in Kashmir Valley.
ISI also believes that ISI may have to confront ISIL fighters in case the conflict between India & Pakistan escalates into a full-scale conventional war. ISI is already using its asymmetric warfare capabilities to counter any threat from ISIL entering Pakistan.
In 2010, the ISI was reported as having successfully infiltrated the Taliban. In 2014, it was revealed that Inter-Services Intelligence had allegedly paid US$200,000 to Indian Mujahideen operatives ahead of the 2009 general elections. In 2016 Inter-Services Intelligence created a secret unit for easy access data from internet and telephone networks across Pakistan under National Security Agency for lawful Interception & monitoring activities.